Kobiza https://kobiza.com Where Students Find Answers Thu, 26 Nov 2020 09:07:43 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.5.3 https://kobiza.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/cropped-kobiza-logo-512x512-1-150x150.png Kobiza https://kobiza.com 32 32 12 Tips To Get You Prepared For A New Semester https://kobiza.com/12-tips-to-get-you-prepared-for-a-new-semester/ https://kobiza.com/12-tips-to-get-you-prepared-for-a-new-semester/#respond Fri, 20 Nov 2020 01:56:58 +0000 https://kobiza.com/?p=8400 As students, we all seek to improve our academic performance over time. More so, we get into every new academic year or semester with a lot of expectations, usually regarding new techniques for studying and the effects they will have on our scores at the end of the semester. If you go into war without […]

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As students, we all seek to improve our academic performance over time. More so, we get into every new academic year or semester with a lot of expectations, usually regarding new techniques for studying and the effects they will have on our scores at the end of the semester.

If you go into war without adequately preparing and arming yourself then you will be in for defeat. This analogy also applies to starting a new semester in school.

If you start a semester unprepared, you are likely to fail in that semester. Sometimes, you may not necessarily fail, but you may not reach your maximum potential.

Therefore, if you want to improve your performance in the new semester, you may want to check out these twelve tips.

1. Approach every semester as an independent one

One major mistake that I have seen a lot of students make is assuming that their performance in the upcoming semester will be determined by how they performed in previous semesters.

During my time in school, I challenged many of my mentees and course mates who had this mindset.

In my opinion, it is incorrect. Let me ask you a simple question to justify my claim that this ideology is wrong:

Does the fact that you didn’t get food to eat yesterday mean you won’t get food to eat today?

What’s your answer?

If your answer was YES then you can say that my advice is not valid here. However, I know for sure that your answer to the above question is no.

The fact that you didn’t get food to eat yesterday doesn’t necessarily mean you won’t get food to eat today. This can be applied to anything in life.

In terms of your academics, all I am saying is that the fact that you didn’t perform well last semester doesn’t imply you won’t perform well this semester.

If you really want to perform well in the upcoming semester, you’ll have to consider it as a chance to begin anew.

The reason why most students find it difficult to consider each new semester as an independent one is because most schools use cumulative assessments to grade their students.

For instance, some schools use the cumulative grade point average, while others use the cumulative weighted average.

Check this post out to find out how to convert from CWA to GPA or From GPA to CWA

These methods of assessment make use of the students’ performance over the period of time they have been in school. Nevertheless, once you start considering every new semester as an independent one, the way you approach it will be different. 

Do you remember how you were when you began in the first year? All the enthusiasm you had? These came naturally because no one had set limits on your maximum performance.

Unfortunately, once you have gotten results from other semesters, your mind starts putting limitations on your abilities.

Your mind tells you about how you have never exceeded a certain grade point in your previous semesters. It goes on to tell you how impossible it is for you to go beyond that mark.

You, therefore, begin to manifest that particular limitation. Pretty soon you see yourself as a particular class of student. A third class, or second class or first class student who can’t go any further.

What if I told you that several people started so poor from the first year but ended up with a result way beyond the result they began with?

Consider the upcoming semester as a chance to start afresh. Give it the enthusiasm you gave your very first semester in your first year.

Know that within that semester you can get the best of marks irrespective of your previous performance. It’s all about your mindset; once you overcome this, you will be on your way to greater achievements.

2. Have a fair idea about how the semester will be like before you start

Which soldier goes to war without having any knowledge about the enemy they are going to fight? Did you just nod in agreement to my question? 

Do you also believe that if a soldier goes to war without having a fair amount of knowledge about their opponents then they may be in for disaster?

If yes, then why would you want to get into a new semester without knowing what the semester may be like for you?

You are fortunate you are not the very first person to be enrolled in that course. This is the singular reason why I always pity pioneers of the various programmes of study.

Once people have completed that semester before you, then you stand a greater chance of having insight into the upcoming semester even before you start it.

How then do you go about it?

It is all about engaging with the people who have already been there before. Before you jump on to say “but I don’t know any of them”, let me be quick to add that there are many people who are willing to help you, just go and search for some.

I remember before getting into pharmacy school I didn’t know anyone who was offering the pharmacy course at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.

What I did was to ask my colleagues from senior high school if any of them knew someone offering the course here. Eventually, I found one person and I got in touch with him to debrief me about the programme. 

So, it is possible for you to know people who have been through that semester before. This can’t be an excuse. Talk to as many of them as you can find.

It’s a better idea to seek the opinions of multiple people, as the information you receive from all of them will be a better reflection of the actual situation than what you’ll get from just one person.

It’s a better idea to seek the opinions of multiple people, as the information you receive from all of them will be a better reflection of the actual situation than what you’ll get from just one person.

Be mindful of this.

3. Evaluate your previous semester and what did not work for you

Let’s talk about yourself. How was your performance last semester? Did you get the results you wanted? Do you think you could have done better?

Now, it is time to re-evaluate your previous semester. The activities you engaged in, your actions, and inactions resulted in the performance you got.

In re-evaluating the semester, take account of the things you did, and what you could have done that you didn’t do. Compare and contrast how each action or inaction affected your performance.

What I like to do during this stage of re-evaluation is to add two other columns into the table I am using for the comparison.

I pick one student who performed better than myself and try to analyze what they did.

To do this you should draw a table with 5 columns

What I did in the previous semesterWhat I didn’t do that I could have doneWhat the other student didWhat the other student didn’t do that he could have doneWhat I should do this semester
I took effective notes during classI didn’t study any material apart from what the lecturer gave meHe studied his notes coupled with other textbooks and online materialsI wasn’t having enough sleepI have to learn from the notes I take and also study any other relevant study material that may be available

Click the button below to download the New Semester goals & performance planner.

cover page

According to Socrates, the unexamined life is not worth living. This has become a popular dictum and I believe you agree with him as well.

How will you know whether you are making progress or not if you are not examining your performance?

How will you know whether you are making progress or not if you are not examining your performance?

– think about it

4. Draw an action plan for the semester ahead

After you have successfully evaluated the previous semester, it is only expedient that you come up with a plan for the new semester. Don’t just write out anything in the name of making a plan for the semester.

Rather, write down things that you can do and you really want to do because you know that is what will help you achieve the success you long for.

Incorporate time limits in the plans that you make. This helps to keep you in check. It also gives you a constant impression as to whether you are doing what you are supposed to be doing or not.

Your plan for the semester should contain some of the following information;

  1. The number of hours you want to be studying in a day/week
  2. Where to study to ensure efficient and effective study time
  3. Who to study with
  4. Which courses to study more of

5. Be ready to evaluate yourself after every week in the new semester

One mistake that some students make is that they prepare one plan for the whole semester and forget to do regular self-evaluation.

Because of this, in situations where the plan they made ends up yielding little to no results, there will be no easy way to identify the cause.

This is the major reason why you are likely to boycott your plan after a short while.

In order for you to succeed in the new semester, you must assess your progress over time.

Evaluate your previous plan and make the necessary changes when necessary. To ensure that you religiously do this, I suggest you do it weekly.

Set a particular day of the week where you are going to do this re-evaluation. When you sit down to do this evaluation, the key things you should look out for are:

  • How well were you able to follow your plan for the week?
  • What were the reasons why you couldn’t follow through with your plan?
  • What changes would you like to make to your plan?
  • How can you ensure that you stick to your plan?

6. Join a study group or find study partners

Having a study group is one of the important things you will want to consider for your next semester. However, I admit that it is not everyone who likes the idea of a study group.

If you happen to be one of such people who do not like study groups, then go ahead and look for study partners. Study partners are individuals you can study with.

It can even be just one person who cares enough to call you anytime he/she is going to study. They will remind you of assignments that you have to do and many more.

Moreover, either a study group or use of study partners will help make you accountable. Being accountable to another individual will help you focus on the necessary things. This is usually because no one likes disappointments.

For more about the importance of study group or group studies, check this article out.

7. Develop an effective note-taking habit

Effective note-taking is one hack that many students are ignorant about. You have been writing notes throughout your time in school. Have you asked yourself the question, “how effective are the notes I write?”

If you are always writing notes for the sake of writing something, you’re wasting your time and effort.

Note-taking should be a purpose-driven art. Once you become conscious about the purpose for writing notes, you know what to focus on when writing them. You also have to develop a structure for jotting down important things.

When it comes to note-taking, the commonest complaint that people give is that they are slow at writing. Also, other people in their bid to write fast, end up writing illegibly.

To overcome these obstacles, you can also develop your own shorthands to facilitate your note-taking habits.

In either the first or last page of your notebooks, you can document your shorthands so that in case you forget any of them at any point in time, you can quickly refer to them.

Another way to ensure effective note taking habits is to make use of electronic note taking apps.Some of these note taking apps allow you to save pictures, record audio, import other document types like pdf, excel, etc. Also, you can write your own notes in various formats.

Smart notes are ones that make your revision fun, time saving and easy. Notes that are poorly written will waste your time and make your revision unnecessarily difficult.

8. Your health is superior

There is no way you are going to enjoy your new semester if you are not in good health. Your health is indeed superior when it comes to having a fruitful semester.

Therefore, before you start your semester, make plans on how to ensure good health for yourself. One of the things that affects students’ health is lack of sleep. Right from the onset you have to ensure that you have enough time to sleep.

You also have to look out for stress relievers. Once a while, you are certain to become stressed as a student. Going for lectures, doing assignments, group meetings and the others are all going to end up stressing you out. 

If you do not plan well and frustration sets in, your situation worsens. You, therefore, have to find activities which are very effective in relieving your stress, so you can quickly return to a relaxed state when the need arises.

Some common stress relievers that most people benefit from are swimming, watching comedy, sleeping, or even reading fictional stories. You can try out some of the popular stress relievers and see what works for you.  

This is important because stress is a risk factor for most medical conditions and hence its elimination is a step in attaining good health.

9. Endeavour to get all requisite study materials

As mentioned earlier, you cannot go into a war without having foreknowledge about your opponents and expect to win easily.

To ensure success in your new semester, it is only appropriate for you to have fair knowledge about what to expect for the semester.

The next important thing you want to do is to gather all the study materials you will need.

These are the arms you require to win this war, so why wait till the war is on before searching for them? One concern you may have is how to get the study materials.

My question to you if you have that concern is “Are you the first person to pass through that semester in that program?” If your answer to the question above is no, then it means that other people have already passed through it and have those study materials.

So, why don’t you talk to them? These study materials could be notes that they took, online materials they downloaded, videos or handouts they got from the lecturers.

Another concern that you may have about this is, what if the study materials change during your time? Yes, that is possible because sometimes the lecturers are changed.

However, whether they change or not, the study materials that were used by others before you may have some relevant information that you may need to appreciate the new one. Hence, it is never a waste of time to gather those materials.

10. Develop the habit of asking questions

According to John C. Maxwell, the leadership expert, “Great leaders ask great questions”. We can make an inference from it and say great students ask great questions.

If you want to improve your academic performance in the new semester then you have to learn to ask great questions. The question I often get when I advise people to ask great questions is; what makes a question a great one?

I may attempt to define what a great question is but that may give you a headache the next time you have a question to ask. You are likely going to wonder whether the question you have is a great one or not.

As such, I recommend that any questions at all that you have, you should go ahead to ask. This could be to your lecturers, senior course mates or even your own colleagues.

In my experience, some of the most silly questions in our minds turn out to be very great questions. Therefore, do not hesitate to ask about any thing you don’t understand.

You may be shy in asking questions but there are always ways to go around it. If you can’t raise your hand to ask in class, you can ask a fellow of yours to ask on your behalf.

Find the people who like to ask questions and class and you can channel your questions through them. Moreso, I recommend that you build the habit of asking questions by yourself.

It boosts your confidence, and also helps you to understand things better.

One advantage I have for asking lots of questions in class is that I am easily able to learn those things and I can recall them almost any time.

Often, behind an examination paper, I will see a question and I will be like, oh yeah, I remember asking this lecturer that question and he even said this or that.

11. Develop the habit of finishing your assignments on time

We have all been students before and we keep saying students will always be students.

The most common reason why we say this is that most students wait till the last minute to finish everything. If you are conscious about this it will help you.

Try to set yourself apart in the new semester. Make plans to complete your assignments on time.

I have already mentioned the importance of coming up with a plan, sticking to it and evaluating your plan.

Relieve yourself of the last-minute pressures by ensuring that you do your assignments as soon as you can.

12. Stratify the courses based on the level of difficulty

There is a reason why your courses are awarded different credit hours. Some courses are more time consuming than others. This is why some courses are given more credit hours than others.

Also, your level of appreciation and understanding will differ for every course. As such, you have to  stratify the courses according to your level of understanding.

Once you are able to classify the courses based on their relative difficulties, then you can go ahead and allocate your resources towards them.

By resources I mean the time and energy you will allocate towards studying each of the courses. This should help you come up with a good time table for your personal studies.

In conclusion, you are up to ace this new semester if you religiously apply these important tips.

I wish you all the best in the semester and know that you can perform way better this semester than you ever have in your academic life. However, believing it is just the beginning, be disciplined enough to see it through.

If you have any questions or contributions, you can leave them in the comments below.

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The College Experience #4: Culture & Tourism is not what I thought of it. https://kobiza.com/culture-and-tourism-is-not-what-i-thought-of-it/ https://kobiza.com/culture-and-tourism-is-not-what-i-thought-of-it/#respond Thu, 05 Nov 2020 10:00:00 +0000 https://kobiza.com/?p=8351 Introduction In this episode of the college experience, I interview a Culture and tourism student who shared her insights into what the course is about, job prospects, and how others can succeed in the program of study. Let’s get started. Who do we have here? Faustina: Which High school did you attend and were you […]

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Introduction

In this episode of the college experience, I interview a Culture and tourism student who shared her insights into what the course is about, job prospects, and how others can succeed in the program of study. Let’s get started.

Who do we have here?

Faustina: Welcome dear, kindly introduce yourself to our cherish readers.
Guest: I’m Mercy Boabae, a graduate of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science (KNUST) and Technology. I studied the Bachelor of Arts in Culture And Tourism program.


Faustina: Which High school did you attend and were you an Arts Student?
Guest: I attended Sekondi College located at Sekondi-Takoradi in the Western region. Yes, I was a General Arts student. Basically, I prefer reading courses to calculation ones.😁


Faustina: Elective mathematics?
Guest: No ooo, it was a no go area for me.😂😂
Faustina: Which year were you in KNUST?
Guest: I was there from the year 2015 to  2019


What influenced your choice of Culture and Tourism?

Faustina: What influenced your choice of University and program?
Guest: I had heard a lot about KNUST, I wanted to be part of the university community one-day and truly it happened. I had admission to the University of Ghana, Legon as well but I preferred KNUST to that. My choice of program was basically influenced by my travelling nature. I love to explore places so I found it to be a great opportunity for me.

Faustina: You loved travelling, so which region in Ghana, are you left to travel to?
Guest: Volta and Brong Ahafo regions. Even with the Brong Ahafo, I have done a transit there once; was on my way to the Northern regions and we alighted there to take a rest.
Faustina: Then I should send you to the Volta Region since I have been there.😀
Guest: 😅 I will be glad then.

Faustina: And which countries outside Ghana did you enjoy most during your travels?
Guest: Oh! I haven’t been outside Ghana before but I’m hoping to do so years to come.

How did you get to know about Culture and Tourism?

Faustina: As we were growing up such courses were rarely heard of, so how did you come to know about this course. And was it what you wanted to do whilst in your Senior High School?
Guest: I actually heard of it for the first time when I was applying to the university so I did some research on it. And no it wasn’t my initial plan to pursue it at the university because I didn’t know about it then.

Do you regret choosing Culture and Tourism?

Faustina: Okay, so do you regret choosing and reading this course.
Guest:  Okay, I would say Yes and No. Yes, because people actually think it is all about travelling. So sometimes when I mention the program, I would have to explain further to make them get the details of it which sometimes makes me feel bad. No, because when I got admission to read it, I realized there was more to it than travelling so I was privileged to have read it considering the fact that it introduced me to different areas of study.


Faustina: Just like people think nursing is all about injections, I would also come to you for more details though.😉
Guest: Alright.

Advice to university students


Guest: Okay I would say;

  1. I will read ahead of a lecture to make it easier to understand.
  2. I will choose certain courses over others.
  3. I will also be closer to my lecturers for more insight into the program.

Faustina: Such similarities in thoughts.Great advice to all university students indeed.

What are the job prospects for people studying Culture and Tourism

Faustina: Tell us about prospective job opportunities for this programme of study

Guest: With a degree in culture and tourism, one can work as or at ;

  1. Travel and Tour
  2. Airport
  3. Air hostess
  4. Banks( certain positions)
  5. Front desk executive
  6. Clerk
  7. Harbour
  8. Transport companies ( DVLA)
  9. And more especially administrative work at various companies.

Basically we can work at all areas except health, engineering, agriculture, and the auditing sectors.

Faustina: Great! I actually wanted to be an air hostess when I was young.😀
Guest: You can still be if the passion is still there. Just a short course can get you there.
Faustina: Ooh nice!

What is a day in the life of a Culture and Tourism Student like?

Faustina: How was a typical day at the university like for you?
Guest: It was sometimes stressful especially when I have lectures from morning till evening and at times to very flexible.
Faustina: What did you mostly do early in the morning before classes and after classes?
Guest: I love to rest fully so I usually wake up 30 minutes to lectures so I don’t get to do much before leaving my hostel and after lectures, I usually take a nap and read my books later before finally going to bed.

Faustina: Which organizations or clubs were you a part of?
Guest: I was a member of Pentecost Student and associates, the General Secretary for the National Association of Nzema student, KNUST chapter, and a member of the Tourism Students Association. I wasn’t really the outgoing type so these were the few I joined.

What study materials do Culture and Tourism students use?

Faustina: What study materials does one need to be a successful Culture and tourism student?
Guest: With the reading materials we were mostly given handouts (either softcopy or hardcopy) and PDFs to read. Sometimes we are also given topics to read for exams. Nonetheless, one needs to research more on the various course outlines to gain better insights.
Faustina: okay

Challenges after university

Faustina: Last but one question, what has been your greatest challenge now that you are done with school?
Guest: Finding a job especially when it comes to making employers know what I’m made of.
Faustina: What you are made of. Amazing!
Guest: Hihihi… 😁

Faustina: What motivates you as an individual?
Guest: Okay, basically my main motivation is my family and people around me. I always tell myself that I can’t fail my family nor friends therefore I will have to make them proud of me. So I try to do the best I can to get on top with the help of Almighty God and their support.
Faustina: I cannot fail mentality.
Guest: Yeah basically.

Faustina: We are very grateful to you for your time and appreciate you for the insights you have shared with us.
Guest: Thanks, I am honored

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How To Convert CWA To GPA And GPA To CWA https://kobiza.com/how-to-convert-cwa-to-gpa/ https://kobiza.com/how-to-convert-cwa-to-gpa/#respond Mon, 02 Nov 2020 15:00:09 +0000 https://kobiza.com/?p=8380 INTRODUCTION Tertiary institutions all over the world are known to use some form of scoring system which summarizes a student’s overall academic performance into a simple figure.  At the end of each academic semester, students are graded, based on their scores on assignments, presentations, class exercises and attendance (not so for every school) during the […]

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INTRODUCTION

Tertiary institutions all over the world are known to use some form of scoring system which summarizes a student’s overall academic performance into a simple figure. 

At the end of each academic semester, students are graded, based on their scores on assignments, presentations, class exercises and attendance (not so for every school) during the semester, and their performance at the end of semester examinations.

Usually, the averages of the students’ performances over the years are computed as they go through the various levels of the academic ladder. However, the manner in which this is done is dependent on the grading system adopted by the school. Some schools use the weighted average (WA) system while others use the grade point average. 

Converting from one grading system to another becomes important in the following situations:

When you want

  1. Transfer to a university that uses a different grading system.
  2. Further your education in a different university using the other grading system.
  3. Travel to a country where a different grading system is used to continue your education.
  4. Estimate your eligibility for a particular scholarship for which the minimum grade required was stated using the other grading system.

WHAT IS CWA

CWA is the abbreviation for Cumulative Weighted Average. The schools that use this kind of grading system, calculate each candidate’s average using the total marks they scored in relation to the total number of credit hours they registered during the period over which the average is being calculated.

WHAT IS GPA

GPA on the other hand is the abbreviation for Grade Point Average. In estimating the grade point average, the schools assign a range of scores (percentages) in an examination to a particular point. 

For instance, some schools assign any marks within 80 – 100 as 4 points. The GPA is then obtained from the total of these points scored by the student in relation to the total number of credit hours registered over the chosen period.

HOW IS CWA CALCULATED

To demonstrate how to calculate the CWA, let take a look at the examination result below;

Name of student: John Doe

Programme of Study: Doctor of Pharmacy

Year: First year (First semester)

CoursesScoreCredit Hours
Anatomy & Physiology68%4
Dispensing78%3
Pharmacy Informatics70%2
Communication Skills69%2
Post SHS Mathematics90%2
Inorganic Chemistry75%4
table of results

Total credit hours registered = 4+3+2+2+2+4

  17hours

In calculating the total score for each course, we multiply the percentage score by the number of credit hours for that course. The overall score for all the courses is then determined by summing up the product of each course’s score and credit hours.

CoursesScoreCredit HoursTotal Score
Anatomy & Physiology I68%4272
Dispensing I78%3234
Pharmacy Informatics70%2140
Communication Skills69%2138
Post SHS Mathematics90%2180
Inorganic Chemistry75%4300
table of results

The total score for all courses = 272 + 234 + 140 + 138 + 180 + 300

  = 1264.00

Therefore to obtain the Semester Weighted average (SWA), we divide the total score by the total number of credit hours registered.

SWA = 1264.00 / 17

= 74.35

Note that the result obtained above is referred to as the semester weighted average and not the cumulative weighted average. This is because this is the result for just one semester.

The only time this can be referred to as a cumulative weighted average is when the person is in the first semester of their first year in school. Because there are no other results, what you obtain is the same as the cumulative result for that period.

So let us take a look at his second-semester result so we can calculate the CWA.

Name of student: John Doe

Programme of Study: Doctor of Pharmacy

Year: First year (Second semester)

Sample results for calculation
CoursesScoreCredit Hours
Anatomy & Physiology II72%4
Dispensing II80%3
Pharmacognosy84%3
Communication Skills II75%2
Calculus85%2
Organic Chemistry I77%4
table of results

Total credit hours registered = 4+3+3+2+2+4

  18hours

CoursesScoreCredit HoursTotal Score
Anatomy & Physiology II72%4288
Dispensing II80%3240
Pharmacognosy84%3252
Communication Skills II75%2150
Calculus85%2170
Organic Chemistry I77%4308
table of results

The total score for all courses = 288+240+252+150+170+308

  = 1408.00

End of semester weighted average (SWA) = 1408 / 18

  SWA  = 78.22

Now, we have the weighted average for two different semesters so let us take a look at how to calculate the cumulative weighted average for the whole of the first year (that is for two semesters).

We have to work out the total score for the whole year and the total number of credit hours for the whole academic year.

The total score for the year = 1264.00 + 1408.00

      = 2672.00

The total credit hours registered = 17 + 18

      = 35

The CWA is then calculated by dividing the total score by the total credit hours registered. 

The CWA = 2672.00 / 35

      = 76.34

HOW IS GPA CALCULATED

To walk you through this, we are going to use the same results as we used above. However, in calculating GPA, we need the reference scale used by the institution. The most widely used one is the 4-point scale, but other schools may use the 5point scale. In this example, we will use the 4point scale with the following reference (source: University of Ghana).

Score (Percentage)Equivalent Point (on 4point Scale)
80 – 1004.0
75 – 793.5
70 – 743.0
65 – 692.5
60 – 652.0
55 – 591.5
50 – 541.0
45 – 490.5
0 – 440.0
table of results

Let us therefore use the above reference to calculate GPA for John Doe’s Result.

Estimation of GPA for the first semester

Name of student: John Doe

Programme of Study: Doctor of Pharmacy

Year: First year (First semester)

CoursesScoreEquivalent Grade PointCredit HoursTotal Grade Point
Anatomy & Physiology68%2.5410.0
Dispensing78%3.5310.5
Pharmacy Informatics70%3.026.0
Communication Skills69%2.525.0
Post SHS Mathematics90%4.028.0
Inorganic Chemistry75%3.5414.0
table of results

Total credit hours registered = 4+3+2+2+2+4

  17hours

Total Grade points for all courses = 10+10.5+6.0+5.0+8.0+14.0

       =  53.5

The grade point average (GPA) is obtained by dividing the total grade points for all the courses by the total number of credit hours registered.

End of first semester GPA = 53.5 / 17

             = 3.45

Estimation of GPA for the second semester

CoursesScoreEquivalent Grade PointCredit HoursTotal Grade Point
Anatomy & Physiology II72%3.0412.0
Dispensing II80%4.0312.0
Pharmacognosy84%4.0312.0
Communication Skills II75%3.527.0
Calculus85%4.028.0
Organic Chemistry I77%3.5414.0
table of results

Total credit hours registered = 4+3+3+2+2+4

  18hours

Total grade points for all courses = 12.0+12.0+12.0+7+8.0+14.0

      = 65.0

End of semester GPA = 65 / 18

        = 3.61

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is calculated using the sum of grade points scored for courses read throughout the entire period and the total number of credit hours registered.

Total grade point registered for the year = 65 + 53.5

        = 118.5

Total credit hours registered = 18 + 17

        =  35

CGPA = 118.5 / 35

  = 3.39

HOW DO I CONVERT CWA TO GPA

A lot of people have proposed various methods and derived various equations for converting CWA to GPA. Nonetheless, these are not universally accepted methods. 

The main drawback of some of these methods or formulas is that they can only accurately estimate a grade point average from a particular percentage score. In other words, you can use them to calculate the grade point average for one specific course. Unfortunately, you cannot use it for calculating your overall CWA.

To convert CWA to GPA, you will need all the scores used in calculating the CWA. This implies that you have to determine the GPA for each of the semesters using the procedure employed above. 

However, in doing this the most important part will be to convert each percentage score to a grade point and multiply that with the associated credit hours to obtain the total grade point for each course. 

Afterwards, sum up all the total grade points for every course you registered for. Then, add up all the credit hours registered. The cumulative weighted average is then obtained by dividing the total grade points for all courses by the total credit hours registered.

This implies that you would have to get your academic transcript in order to correctly calculate your GPA from a CWA.

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The College Experience #3: How I Survived School Amidst A Serious Financial Crisis https://kobiza.com/the-college-experience-3-how-i-survived-school-amidst-a-serious-financial-crisis/ https://kobiza.com/the-college-experience-3-how-i-survived-school-amidst-a-serious-financial-crisis/#respond Tue, 06 Oct 2020 08:00:00 +0000 https://kobiza.com/?p=1322 Introduction Faustina: Welcome to the Kobiza interview room. I am Faustina Arthur, your host. We are so glad to have you here on this platform. Could you kindly tell us about yourself? Guest: Sanzule,  a small town in the Ellembelle District of Western Region. Faustina: Dear Giant, what influenced your decision to choose Petrochemical engineering as a course at the university? Faustina: Well, […]

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Introduction

Faustina: Welcome to the Kobiza interview room. I am Faustina Arthur, your host. We are so glad to have you here on this platform. Could you kindly tell us about yourself?

Guest: I’m Andrews Ackah, a graduate of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. I studied Petrochemical engineering ( 2014- 2018)

Faustina: That’s great to know. Where did you grow up and stayed most of your childhood days?

Guest: Sanzule,  a small town in the Ellembelle District of Western Region.

Faustina: Which senior high school did you attend and what course did you study?

Guest: Ghana Senior High School ( GSTS). I studied general science.

Faustina: Ooh, you are a giant?

Guest: “Baako p33”

What influenced your choice of programme?

Faustina: Dear Giant, what influenced your decision to choose Petrochemical engineering as a course at the university?

Guest: Looking at how the oil and gas industry is growing and where I find myself, I realized after school (SHS) that it would be of much importance if I studied a program which could get me hired easily. 

I am in a community where a gas plant is located, and also about five communities away from mine, you can locate Ghana gas. This made me develop a special interest in the oil and gas industry. Hence my decision. 

Also, I wanted to be an instrument of change in the oil and gas industry in Ghana and beyond. A lot of factors influenced my decision, these are just a few of them.

What change are you hoping for?

Faustina: Well, what specific change have you hoped to bring into the oil and gas industry? What were the loopholes you found?

Guest: We can all bear witness to the fact that our climate is fast changing with global warming on the increase. One of the major contributing factors to this problem is the oil and gas industry.

Carbon emissions especially from these industries. If new and more effective processes could be found, this problem will decrease drastically. This is one of the major problems I am looking at.


Faustina: If the gas plant was located in Ashanti region,would you have never chosen to read Petrochemical engineering.

Guest: Not really, but that would have influenced my decision a lot.

Faustina: Did you ever regret choosing this programme?

Guest: No ooo, not even for a second.

How challenging was your programme?

Faustina: On a scale of 0-10, How difficult was this program

Guest: Hmmm, I will say 8

Faustina: Wowwwww, What courses did it include, can you give me five examples of the toughest courses in the program

Guest: Thermodynamics, Heat transfer, Chemical process calculation, Petroleum production, Applied electricity. These are just few of them.

Faustina: I can see heat transfer popping its head there, it never remained in SHS?

Guest: Yeah, it was not really tough but involved a lot of work.

What advice would you give people who are just starting?

Faustina: Okay. If you were to start all over again, what 3 advises will you give yourself based on the experiences you’ve had now?

Guest: 

1. There is a lot of petrochemical and chemical engineers out there, what will make me stand out of the many is my ability to learn other skills. This is what I didn’t do that I regret. There are a lot of software programs I could have learnt to make me stand out.

2. My focus was too much on getting better grades forgetting that the grades are important though but will never get a job. I didn’t connect myself to those in the industry while I was still in school.

3. I failed to try to have in-depth knowledge of what I learnt. This is very critical in our industry. It is an industry which is evolving. There are also a lot of free online courses can make a petrochemical or chemical engineer stand out of the rest. We focus too much on our Cumulated Weighted Average (CWA) – academic performance than getting skills for career development.

Faustina: So in summary, the advises you will give yourself are 

  1. Your inability to learn new skills.
  2. Focusing on grades and not connecting to mentors in the industry.
  3. Failure to acquire in-depth knowledge.

Guest: Exactly!!

Faustina: Then I guess your CWA was the best?

Guest: Please no, I completed with a second class upper.

Mr. Andrews Ackah

How did you survive the academic-related challenges?

Faustina: How were you able to survive the pressure associated with this course?

Guest: When you are very much aware of the pressure in a pipeline, you are mindful of your choice of material in constructing that line. My determination,  focus and the main reason why I started.

The tougher it became, the tougher I also got. It was like I was prepared to face the course no matter what. So I will say it’s my determination.

When you are very much aware of the pressure in a pipeline, you are mindful of your choice of material in constructing that line.

Andrews Ackah

What are some challenges you faced and how did you overcome them?

Faustina: Determined to face every challenge. Great! I would like to ask, what was your greatest challenge during your 4year stay on campus?

Guest: My greatest challenge was finance. Challenges associated with the program were normal.

Faustina: Were you self financing your education?

Guest: I was about 75 to 80% self-financing.

Faustina: Wow, what was the major cause of this financial challenge?

Guest: The sudden dismissal of my grandfather. He took care of me from primary to SHS and decided to die barely a week before the admission list was released.

Faustina: My condolences, but I suppose he didn’t decide to die.

Guest: Hmmm, what can I say?

Faustina: Then, did you grow up without your parents?

Guest:  A single parent ( mum)

Faustina: What were your grandfather’s and mother’s occupation?

Guest: My mother is a trader and my grandfather was a business man.

What was your specific coping strategy?

Faustina: How were you able to survive this financial challenge, we would want to know specific coping strategies which will be relevant to others who find themselves in similar situations.

Guest: I used to teach in my former school ( Junior High School). I gathered some money from that. I also got a loan from the bank we were paid through. That’s how I paid for my admission.

When I entered university, I applied to the students’ loan scheme and was successfully enrolled. That was how I was able to pay back the loan from the bank. Most of my finances came from students’ loan,  my mum and an uncle of mine.

Faustina: That was quite a crisis, I guess feeding and having other needs met was quite a challenge after paying your tuition?

Guest: Hmmm, very hectic, but thank God I had some friends who helped me and I would never forget them.

Faustina: We thank God for  friends who stick more than brothers.

Guest: I was very lucky to have them

Faustina: Can you give an example of how these friends were of great help to you?


Guest: Sometimes I had nothing to eat but they were there to provide for me.


Faustina: In about a semester, how much money would you have spent to meet your needs

Guest: Close to 300gh including study materials.

Faustina: A whole semester? Wow!

Guest: I was very mindful of my budget.

Faustina: How much then was your beloved receiving too😀

Guest: Be what?😅😅, I was very single and still single.

What extra-curricular activities were you engaged in?

Faustina: Did you do any part-time business whilst at the university?

Guest: Not really, I am a writer, my focus was on writing. I will say that not doing a side-business is one of my regrets from the university.

Faustina: Wow, how many articles and books did you publish?

Guest: I have one book published and I am currently working on a second one.

Faustina: That is great. Can I know the title?

Guest: Lust, problem of the youth.

Faustina: Amazing! tackling a very pressing challenge of the youth. Hahahahaha…

What does a petrochemical engineer do?

Faustina: By the way, could you tell us about the prospective job opportunities available and also educate us on what a petrochemical engineer does?

Guest: As a petrochemical engineer, you can work in both the upstream and downstream sectors of the oil and gas industry, Chemical industry, food industry, pharmaceutical industry, mining industry, etc.

The course is beneficial to supervise and improve all petrochemical-producing operations, from exploration to development. It’s all about changing natural gas or crude oil into other forms of energy and Petrochemical products

Faustina: Interesting.

Life After School

Faustina: What has been your greatest challenge after school?

Guest: The unavailability of employment opportunities is my greatest challenge.

Faustina: What key strategies are you implementing to help you overcome this challenge?

Guest: Every company wants a worker with a specific number of years of experience in the industry. Graduates like myself lack these number of years of experience and skills. This makes it very difficult to get employment opportunities.

Also, only a few companies would want to employ you and train you. I have been looking for graduate training opportunities. At the moment, I have two of them that I applied to and was invited to write the aptitude test.

I’m done with that but thanks to COVID-19, everything has been put on hold. I am also learning other skills like Aspen hysys and other process simulation software programs.

Faustina: Lack of working experience has been an obstacle to employment into the Industry.

Guest: Exactly

Faustina: Great strategies, aspen hysys, first time hearing it though.

What motivates you?

Faustina: My last question for you today is, what motivates you as an individual?

Guest: My greatest motivation is my family; being the first and only graduate in a family can be very challenging. Everyone looks up to you. I don’t want my siblings to go through what I went through.

Therefore, I will do my best for them to have the best of life. I will stay awake for them to sleep well in future. This is my greatest motivation.

Faustina: The impact you want to have on your family has been a great motivation.

Guess: Exactly, that’s my propelling energy

Faustina: On behalf of the Kobiza team, I would like to say a big thank you to you and looking forward to meeting you in person.

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The College Experience #2: How I discovered my passion after not getting admitted to medical school https://kobiza.com/the-college-experience-2-how-i-discovered-my-passion-after-not-getting-admitted-to-medical-school/ https://kobiza.com/the-college-experience-2-how-i-discovered-my-passion-after-not-getting-admitted-to-medical-school/#respond Wed, 30 Sep 2020 12:21:44 +0000 https://kobiza.com/?p=2111 Introduction Motivation Faustina Can you share with us what motivates you as an individual? Choice of Programme Faustina With regards to your choice of the programme at the university, was there anything that influenced it? Your regrets Faustina As you stated earlier, you later came to realise that Psychology fits your personality in your second […]

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Introduction

Faustina:

We are glad to have you here on this platform, can you briefly introduce yourself to our audience/readers?

Guest:

I am Annor Sampson, an Nzema from Nvuma, and a past student of Ghana Secondary Technical School in Takoradi. Started G.S.T.S. in the year 2009 and completed in the year 2013 and I read pure science. After which, I continued to the University of Ghana from 2015 to 2019, where I read Psychology.

Motivation

Faustina

Can you share with us what motivates you as an individual?

Guest:

Yeah, I am motivated by the fact that my suggestions and ideas mostly create answers to various challenges people around me go through. I am a problem solver; it informs me that I have a lot to offer and the world is expecting more from me. Thus, it motivates me in everything I do.

Faustina: Wow! Problem solvers are what the world needs most.

Choice of Programme

Faustina

With regards to your choice of the programme at the university, was there anything that influenced it?

Guest

The truth is that I never chose Psychology. I had no interest in the social sciences. I read pure science from G.S.T.S. Most of the students were brilliant and had dreams of reading pharmacy, attending medical school, becoming biochemists among others.

Since childhood, my dream was to become a medical doctor. I was usually helping people solve their social issues. However, there was no career guidance for me to link it to a possible career. So I insisted on reading Medicine to become a medical doctor.

I was not an outstanding student when it came to chemistry and physics; which are needed for qualifying to Medical school. So, I re-sited all my papers after WASSCE with the hope of getting 6As or 8As.

I guess I was oblivious of the competition surrounding the process of getting into Medical school even with 8As. Later, a relative who works at the University applied for admission for me. A call came through later, that I had gained admission at the University of Ghana to read Psychology.

I was not elated about the course, thus throughout my first year, I wasn’t interested. Nothing motivated me at the time to even pick a book to read. Consequentially, I went through my first year nonchalantly. Later, in level 200, I realised that this was actually the area where my personality fits best. So, I psyched myself to embrace psychology.

Mr. Annor Sampson

Your regrets

Faustina

As you stated earlier, you later came to realise that Psychology fits your personality in your second year. The next question is that; was there anything you regretted in reading this programme? If you were to go back, which course will you choose to read?

Guest

Thanks for the question. If I’m given the opportunity a thousand and one times, I will choose Psychology. Why am I saying this? I have realised that Psychology fits my personality.

It’s just the fact that I didn’t understand things properly earlier on. I realised that if I had been in the medical field, maybe during specialisation, I would have switched to that side. This is because I now love everything about Psychology.

But my regret in choosing Psychology was that I didn’t embrace the course earlier. I wasn’t interested in the programme in the first year, thus, I was not studying which affected my performance and CGPA. I wish I had started from the first day I was given the opportunity to read the course.

Faustina

Wow. I am glad you embraced it earlier in the second year, I wonder what your CGPA would have been if you embraced it in 3rd year second semester?

Guest

Bomb, I guess.

Advice to those who are yet to start

Faustina

If you had the opportunity to be in the same school reading Psychology again, what 3 key advises would you give yourself based on your experiences?

Guest

If I am to be given this same opportunity, the first advise I will give myself will be to start from the first day I am given my course outline about the programme. I would have started putting in every effort as I can.

Secondly, I would advise myself to dive more into any course that the department has to offer, even if not part of my selected courses maybe going for lectures to acquire more ideas about what psychology itself is.

Thirdly, I would have also dived more into other courses related to psychology like sociology, political science, philosophy to help equip me as a full psychology graduate.

How difficult is the study of Psychology?

Faustina

Great to hear that you wanted to broaden your knowledge base. On a scale of 1-10, how difficult is Psychology and how were you able to survive the pressure if any?

Guest

I will give it 4 because if you come to embrace things, they turn to be less difficult for you.

Within my first year, maybe the choice would have been different but from the second year where I accepted Psychology, I realised that everything about psychology became part of my life so it wasn’t very difficult for me.

By the way, I knew, there was a little heat that you needed to go through as a student. I survived by drawing good plans towards them.

As I said earlier on, there was a problem with my CGPA, so I needed to put in more efforts than ever from level 200. So, always, I made sure I prepared for lectures and read my notes after class. I attended group discussions where I explained things to people and it helped reduce the pressure.

Faustina:

Planning is really essential if you don’t want to fail indeed.

A typical day in the life of a psychology student

Faustina

Can you share with us a typical day for you at the university?

Guest:

Life at Legon, looking at level 200, where I came to embrace the course, most of my lectures were in the afternoon, like from 12:00 pm or sometimes latest by 10:00 am in the morning. Usually by 8:00 am I leave my room.

I didn’t like noisy areas and my roommates were extroverts with lots of people visiting regularly. Usually, I left the hall as early as 8:00 am maybe for group discussions, tutorials or to the library, then, head for the lecture hall, usually an hour or 30 minutes before time to occupy the front seat.

Wanting to establish a good rapport with the teaching assistants or the lecturers, I preferred the front seat. After lectures, I may go back to the library or go around visiting friends. I prepare for evening studies, going to the 24-hour library to study.

Latest by 9:00 pm or 10:00 pm I would be back to my room to take my rest. Once, I was done studying, I watched a movie, which was one of the things I loved doing. That was how most of my days on campus were spent.

The nature of examinations for psychology students

Faustina:

What is the nature of the exams you write and would also love to know the kind of study materials one will require to be a successful student?

Guest:

With the nature of the psychology exams at the University of Ghana, it is mostly essays and objectives so you answer 2 or 3 essay questions, a fill-in and some objectives.

With the fill-in, you are mostly given questions with 2 or 3 spaces or sometimes just 1 space. So, after reading the questions, you think of the right technical word to fit the space provided.

Furthermore, with the objectives sometimes you are given options from A to E so you choose among the options the one that you think is the best.

When it comes to preparing for psychology exams, you would have to study your lecture notes, slides and reading materials that lecturers will recommend. However, psychology books in the library or materials online are all relevant to your success.

Mr. Annor Sampson with some colleagues

Prospective Career opportunities for Psychology graduates

Faustina: Could you tell us about prospective jobs and career opportunities after reading Psychology.

Guest:

Psychology has several sub-fields, if you specialize in an area like industrial and organizational psychology, you have the opportunity to work with the human resources sector.

Whether in the health or the industrial sector, wherever you go to, as long as you have an idea on organizational and industrial psychology, you can work with them on how to manage the individual in terms of health and safety.

In the clinical sector, you are most likely to deal with mental health. So, if you read clinical psychology after the first degree, you can be a counsellor, a lecturer, or a teacher at the basic level.

This is because most at times in a school when they need people to deal with special students with disabilities, people from the psychology sector are normally deployed to handle such students.

So, if you study counselling, clinical, health, educational psychology and many others you can help in such areas. Psychology comes with several opportunities because anything human-related is an opportunity for the psychologist to come on board.

Life after school

Faustina: What is your greatest challenge now that you are done with school?

Guest: My greatest challenge now has to do with getting enough capital to help solve some of the problems I see in my country.

Faustina: Lastly, we would like to know where you are currently having your national service and any business you are into?

Guest: I am teaching at Nvuma SDA JHS at Ellembele District in the Western Region of Ghana and I am currently into farming. I am solving a problem right now as I said earlier and that is to help reduce importation of food materials and that’s what I look up to for the next 10years.

Faustina: Thank you so much for your time and my sincere hope for you is that you go ahead to solve lots of problems to help humanity.

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What the meaning of the term Teenage Pregnancy? https://kobiza.com/question/what-the-meaning-of-the-term-teenage-pregnancy/ https://kobiza.com/question/what-the-meaning-of-the-term-teenage-pregnancy/#comments Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:59:59 +0000 https://kobiza.com/question/what-the-meaning-of-the-term-teenage-pregnancy/ The post What the meaning of the term Teenage Pregnancy? appeared first on Kobiza.

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Name the methods of making magnets https://kobiza.com/question/name-the-methods-of-making-magnets/ https://kobiza.com/question/name-the-methods-of-making-magnets/#comments Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:55:40 +0000 https://kobiza.com/question/name-the-methods-of-making-magnets/ The post Name the methods of making magnets appeared first on Kobiza.

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List some physical properties of soil https://kobiza.com/question/list-some-physical-properties-of-soil/ https://kobiza.com/question/list-some-physical-properties-of-soil/#comments Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:48:00 +0000 https://kobiza.com/question/list-some-physical-properties-of-soil/ The post List some physical properties of soil appeared first on Kobiza.

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Explain the following terms; a) soft water b) hard water https://kobiza.com/question/explain-the-following-terms-a-soft-water-b-hard-water/ https://kobiza.com/question/explain-the-following-terms-a-soft-water-b-hard-water/#comments Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:38:23 +0000 https://kobiza.com/question/explain-the-following-terms-a-soft-water-b-hard-water/ The post Explain the following terms; a) soft water b) hard water appeared first on Kobiza.

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What are derived quantities? https://kobiza.com/question/what-are-derived-quantities/ https://kobiza.com/question/what-are-derived-quantities/#comments Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:33:11 +0000 https://kobiza.com/question/what-are-derived-quantities/ The post What are derived quantities? appeared first on Kobiza.

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